picture of Richard 'Groove' Holmes
Richard 'Groove' Holmes
Richard was born in Camden/NJ in 1931. Starting as a bass player, he later switched to the organ, teaching himself and developping a style of his own. Remarkable was his using of the pedal, producing powerful bass lines.
 
It was in 1960, that the famous pianist Les McCann met Richard in a Pittsburgh club. He was immediately convinced that Richard was a superb organ player, and made a recording with him on the Pacific label. This first recording of Richard led to his nick name 'Groove'.
 
In the following, Groove recorded a series of albums with a trio (guitar and drums). In the 70's, he played together with organist Jimmy McGriff, battling with him on stage a "Hammond Battle". Groove cooperated also with Jimmy Witherspoon, Willis Jackson, Joe Pass and Houston Person. Without doubt, he was one of the leading organ players in jazz.
 
Richard passed away on 29 June 1991 in St. Louis.
contact:
homepage:

 

Discography
Groove
Pacific ST 23
released 1961
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Les McCann, piano
Ben Webster, tenor sax
Lawrence 'Tricky' Lofton, trombone
George Freeman, guitar
Ron Jefferson, drums
Groovin' With Jug
Pacific ST 32
released 1961
recorded August 1961 live at The Black Orchid in Los Angeles, CA/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Ammons, tenor sax
Gene Edwards, guitar
Leroy Henderson, drums
You Better Believe It
Pacific ST 34
released 1961

Gerald Wilson, trumpet, conductor Joe Maini, alto sax Harold Land, tenor sax Teddy Edwards, , tenor sax Walter Benton, tenor sax Bob Edmondson, trombone Frank Strong, trombone John Ewing, trombone Kenny Shroyer, trombone Lester Robertson, trombone Carmell Jones, trumpet Al Porcino, trumpet Jack Trainor, trumpet Jimmy Zito, trumpet Johnny Audino, trumpet Ray Triscari, trumpet Buddy Collette, reeds Don Raffell, reeds Harry Klee, reeds Harold Land, reeds Jack Nimitz, reeds Joe Maini, reeds Walter Benton, reeds Gene Edwards, guitar Richard Holmes, organ Jimmy Bond, bass Mel Lewis, drums
Somethin' Special
Pacific ST 51
released 1962
recorded March 1961/February 1962/April 1962
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Clifford Scott, alto sax, tenor sax
Les McCann, piano
Joe Pass, guitar
Ron Jefferson, drums
Gene Edwards, guitar
Leroy Henderson, drums
Ben Webster, tenor sax
Lawrence 'Tricky' Lofton, trombone
George Freeman, guitar
Back In Town!
Pacific ST 54
released 1962
recorded 1962 in Hollywood, CA/USA
Bumble Bee Slim, vocals, guitar
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Joe Pass, guitar
Les McCann, piano
Curtis Amy, tenor sax
Lou Blackburn, trombone
Ron Jefferson, drums
Leroy Vinnegar, bass
After Hours
Pacific ST 59
released 1962
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Joe Pass, guitar
Joe Jones, guitar
Lawrence Marable, drums
Black And Blue
Capitol Records ST 1824
released 1963
recorded October/November 1962 in Los Angeles, CA/USA
Lou Rawls, vocals
Curtis Amy, soprano sax, tenor sax
Charlie Kennedy, alto sax
Alexander Nelson, alto sax
Jay Migliori, tenor sax
Lou Ciottitenor, tenor sax
Jack Nimitz, baritone sax
Lou Blackburn, trombone
Les Robertson, trombone
Horace Tapscott, trombone
Charles Wilson, trombone
Bob Knight, bass trombone
Bobby Bryant, trumpet
Bud Brisbois, trumpet
Bob Rolfe, trumpet
George Graham, trumpet
Irving Ashby, guitar
Gene Edwards, guitar
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Joe Sample, organ
Onzy Matthews, piano
Jim Crutcher, bass
Curtis Counce, bass
Leroy Henderson, drums
Frank Butler, drums
Jazz As I Feel It
King 846
released 1963
recorded August 1963 in Hollywood, CA/USA
Earl Bostic, alto sax
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Joe Pass, guitar
Herbert Gardy, bass
Shelly Manne, drums
Charles Blackwell, drums
Book Of The Blues Vol. 1
Warner Brothers 1553
released 1964

Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Big Band c/ by Onzy Matthews
Tobacco Road
Capitol Records ST 2042
released 1964
recorded July/August 1963 in Los Angeles, CA/USA
Lou Rawls, vocals
Onzy Matthews, conductor
Bud Brisbois, trumpet
Bob Rolfe, trumpet
James Dalton Smith, trumpet
Freddie Hill, trumpet
Horace Tapscott, trombone
Lou Blackburn, trombone
Dick "Slyde" Hyde, trombone
Ron Smith, trombone
Joe Maini, alto sax
Curtis Amy, soprano sax, tenor sax
Clifford Solomon, tenor sax
Clifford Scott, tenor sax, flute
Jay Migliori, tenro sax, flute
Sidney Miller, baritone sax
Onzy Matthews, piano
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
Leroy Johnson, drums
Soul Message
Prestige PR 7435
released 1965
recorded August 1965 in Englewood Cliffs/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
Jimmie Smith, drums
Misty
Prestige PR 7485
released 1965

Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
George Randall, drums
Blues For Spoon and Groove
also released as In Blues, Karussell 635 108
Surrey Records SS 1006
released 1965
Jimmy Witherspoon, vocals
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Teddy Edwards, tenor sax
Frank Butler, drums
Jimmy Bond, bass
Tell It Like It 'tis
Pacific ST 20105
released 1966
recorded September 1961/February 1962 in Los Angeles, CA/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
Joe Pass, guitar
Larance Marable, drums
Leroy Henderson, drums
A Bowl Of Soul
Loma LS 5902
released 1966
re-issued 2009 on Groove Hut Records
recorded July 1964 in Los Angeles, CA/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
big band c/ Onzy Matthews
no further details known
Living Soul
Prestige PRST 7468
released 1966
recorded April 1966 live at Count Basies's in New York/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
George Randall, drums
Spicy
Prestige PR 7493
released 1967

Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
Joe Jones, guitar
George Randall, drums
Richard Landrum, conga
Super Soul
Prestige PR 7497
released 1967
recorded April 1967 in Chicago, IL/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Super Soul Big Band
c/ by Richard Evans
Get Up And Get It!
Prestige 7514
released 1967
recorded May 1967 in Englewood Cliffs, NJ/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Teddy Edwards, tenor sax
Pat Martino, guitar
Paul Chambers, bass
Billy Higgins, drums
Soul Power!
Prestige PR 7543
released 1968
recorded December 1967 in Englewood Cliffs, NJ/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Wally Richardson, guitar
Steve Wolfe, guitar
Jimmy Lewis, bass
Ben Dixon, drums
Dave Blume, conga, drums
The Groover!
Prestige 7570
released 1968
recorded 1968 in Englewood/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
George Freeman, guitar
Earl Maddox, guitar
Billy Jackson, drums
That Healin' Feelin'
Prestige 7601
released 1968
recorded August 1968 in Englewood/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Rusty Bryant, alto sax, tenor sax
Billy Butler, guitar
Herbie Lovelle, drums
Welcome Home
Pacific ST 20147
released 1968
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ, piano
Paul Humphrey, drums
Chuck Findley, trumpet
Teddy Edwards, tenor sax
Anthony Ortega, alto sax
Wilton Felder, bass, baritone sax
Michael Anthony, guitar
Joe Sample, piano
George Freeman, guitar
Tom Scott, alto sax
Workin' On A Groovy Thing
Pacific ST 20153
released 1969
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Paul Humphrey, drums
Ernest Watts, alto sax
Anthony Ortega, alto sax
Richard Aplanald, baritone sax
Frank Strong, trombone
Thurman Green, trombone
Mike Wimberly, bass trombone
Jerome Rusch, trumpet
Larry McGuire, trumpet
Herbert Anderson, trumpet
Paul Hubinon, trumpet
William Peterson, trumpet
Dennis Budimir, guitar
Wilton Felder, bass
Eternal Equinox
Pacific ST-20160
released 1969
recorded June 1969 in Hollywood/USA
Big Band
c/ by Gerald Wilson
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Jean-Luc Ponty, violin
X-77
Pacific ST 20163
released 1969
recorded 1969 live at the Lighthouse/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, Hammond X77 organ
Thornel Schwartz, guitar
Bob West, bass
Paul Humphrey, drums
Come Together
World Pacific ST-20171
released 1970
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Ernie Wattds, tenor sax
Wilton Felder, bass
King Errison, congas
Dick Berk, drums
Freddie Robinson, guitar
Robert Norris, percussion
Soul Mist!
Prestige 7741
released 1970
recorded March/July 1966 in Englewood Cliffs, NJ/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Blue Mitchell, trumpet
Harold Vick, tenor sax
Gene Edwards, guitar
George Randle, drums
Freddie Waits, drums
Comin' On Home
Blue Note BST 84372
released 1971
recorded May 1971 in New York City/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Weldon Irvice, piano
Gerald Hubbard, guitar
Chuck Rainey, bass
Jerry Jemmott, bass
Darryl Eashington, drums
Ray Armando, congas
James Davis, percussion
American Pie
Groove Merchant GM 505
released 1972
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Jerry Jemmott, bass
Kwasi Jay Ourba, congas
Larry Willis, piano
Garald Hubbard, guitar
Giants Of The Organ In Concert
Groove Merchant GM 3300
released 1973
recorded 1973 live at Paul's Mall in Boston/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Jimmy McGriff, organ
O'Donel Levy, guitar
Leon Cook, guitar
Mark Elf, guitar
Mike Moss, drums
Kwasi Jayourba, percussion
Night Glider
Groove Merchant GM 512
released 1973
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Paul Martinez, bass
Kwasi Jayourba, congas
Bernard Purdie, drums
Lloyd Davis, guitar
Horace Ott, piano
Seldon Powell, tenor sax
Garnett Brown, trombone
Giants Of The Organ Come Together
Groove Merchant GM 520
released 1973
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Jimmy McGriff, organ
O'Donel Levy, guitar
George Freeman, guitar
Bernard Purdie, drums
Kwasi Jayourba, conga
'Spoon & Groove
Tradition TCD 1015
released 1973
also as Groovin' And Spoonin' (Olympic Records OL-7107)
Jimmy Witherspoon, vocals
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Teddy Edwards, tenor sax
Frank Butler, drums
Jimmy Bond, bass
Herman Mitchell, guitar
Paul Moer, piano
New Groove
Groove Merchant GM 527
released 1974
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Burt Collins, trumpet
Leon Cook, guitar
Eddie Daniels, flute, tenor sax
Jon Faddis, trumpet
Kwasi Jayourba, percussion
O'Donel Levy, guitar
Bernard Purdie, drums
Ernie Royal, trumpet
Marvin Stamm, trumpet
Supa Cookin'
Groove Merchant GM 4409
released 1974
blend of the LPs "Giants Of The Organ Come Together" and "Giants Of The Organ In Concert"
Onsaya Joy
Flying Dutchman BDL1-0827
released 1975
reissued 2018 Solid Records CDSOL-45746
recorded August 1975 live at The Halfnote in New York City/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Orville Saunders II, guitar
Thomas Washington jr., drums
Hunk A Funk
Groove Merchant GM 4402
released 1975
reissue of the LPs "Night Glider" and "New Groove"
Six Million Dollar Man
Flying Dutchman BDL1-1146
released 1975
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
big band c/ by Oliver Nelson, Tom Scott
I'm In The Mood For Love
Flying Dutchman BDL1-1537
released 1976
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ, synthesizer
Kenneth Moss, electric piano
Jon Faddis, trumpet
Lew Soloff, trumpet
George Opalisky, tenor sax
Buddy Terry, tenor sax
Babe Clarke, baritone sax
Charles collins, drums
Gordon Edwards, bass
Eric Gale, guitar
Cornell Dupree, guitar
Leopoldo Franco, percussion
Guilherme Franco, percussion
Star Wars Close Encounters
Versatile MSG 6000
released 1977

Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Philip Read Mason, percussion
Wayne Morrison, guitar
Charles Stephens, trombone
Doug Wilson, drums
Mario E. Sprouse, piano, Fender Rhodes, synthesizer
Karen Joseph, flute, piccolo
Jim Buffington, French horn
Ray Alonge, French horn
Lollie Bienenfeld, trumpet
Lew Soloff, trumpet
Dancing In The Sun
Versatile P798
released 1977
recorded December 1977 in New York/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ, mini Korg
Mariob E. Sprouse, piano
Wayne Morrison, guitar
Doug Wilson, drums
Philip Mason, percussion
Jose J. Sprouse jr., vibes
Karen Joseph, flute
Alex Foster, alto sax
Jeff Gordon, tenor sax
Stanley Lindquist, baritone sax
Khalid Moss, piano
Shippin' Out
Muse MR 5134
released 1978
recorded June 1977 in Englewood/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Dave Schnitter, tenor sax
Steve Giordano, guitar
Idris Muhammad, drums
Buddy Caldwell, conga
Good Vibrations
Muse MR 5167
released 1980
recorded December 1977 in Englewood Cliffs/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Houston Person, tenor sax
Bob DeVos, guitar
Idris Muhammad, drums
Buddy Caldwell, conga
Nobody Does It Better
Manhattan Records MAN 5005
released 1980
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ, synthesizer
Manob E. Sprouse, piano
Khalid Moos, piano
Wayne Morrison, guitar
Jose J. Sprouse jr., vibes
Karen Joseph, flute
Alex Foster, alto sax
Jeff Gordon, tenor sax
Stanley Lindguist, baritone sax
Doug Wilson, drums
Philip Mason, percussion
Live On Stage
Black & Blue 957
released 1980
also released as Ya Understand Me?, Muse MR 5316
recorded January 1980 in Châteauneuf du Pape/France
Willis Jackson, tenor sax
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Steve Giordano, guitar
Roger Lee Humphrey, drums
Los Grandes Del Jazz
Sarpe 87
released 1982

Dakota Staton, vocals
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Horace Ott, electric piano
Cornell Dupree, guitar
Paul Martinez, bass
Bernard Purdie, drums
Broadway
Muse MR 5239
released 1982
recorded December 1980 in Englewood Cliffs/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Houston Person, tenor sax
Gerald Smith, guitar
Bobby Ward, drums
Ralph Dorsey, percussion, congas
African Encounter
Roots ROTC 102
released 1988
recorded 1988 in South Africa
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Barney Rachabane, tenor sax
Johnny Fourie, guitar
Vic Higgins, drums
"Pops" Mohammad Ismael, piano
Blues All Day Long
Muse MR 5358
released 1989
recorded February 1988 in Englewood Cliffs/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Houston Person, tenor sax
Cecil Bridgewater, trumpet
Jimmy Ponder, guitar
Cecil Brooks III, drums
Ralph Dorsey, congas, percussion
Hot Tat
Muse MCD 5395
released 1991
recorded September 1989 in Rutherford, NJ/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Houston Person, tenor sax
Cecil Bridgewater, trumpet
Jimmy Ponder, guitar
Wilbur Bascomb, bass
Greg Bandy, drums
Ralph Dorsey, conga, percussion
Double Exposure
LRC CDC 9042
released 1992
recorded 1973 in USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Kwasi Jay Ourba, bongos, conga
Garald Hubbard, guitar
Jerry Jemmott, bass
Larry Willis, electric piano
As Blue As They Can Be
RTV CD-21038
released 1993
recorded February 1991 in New York City/USA
Jimmy Witherspoon, vocals
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Odetta, vocals
Henry Taylor jr, guitar
Boss Townsend, piano
Greg Bandy, drums
Relationships
Rhino Records S22 17294
released 1993
compilation of recordings between 1960 and 1972
Les McCann, keyboards, piano, vocals
Eddie Harris, tenor sax
Ben Webster, tenor sax
Teddy Edwards, tenor sax
Wilton Felder, tenor sax
Stanley Turrentine, tenor sax
Wayne Henderson, trombone
Benny Bailey, trumpet
Blue Mitchell, trumpet
Yusef Lateef, woodwind
George Freeman, guitar
Dennis Budimir, guitar
David Spinozza, guitar
Joe Pass, guitar
Richard 'Groove' Holmes", organ
Joe Sample, organ, piano
Jodie Christian, piano
Corky Hale, harp
string section
Victor Gaskin, bass
Robert Haynes, bass
Herbie Lewis, bass
Leroy Vinnegar, bass
Bill Salter, bass
Donald Dean, drums
Otis Finch, drums
Stix Hooper, drums
Paul Humphrey, drums
Ron Jefferson, drums
Buck Clarke, drums, percussion
Ralph MacDonald, drums, percussion
Alphonse Mouzon, drums, percussion
Jimmy Rowser, bass, drums, percussion
Bernard "Pretty" Purdie, drums, percussion
Lou Rawls, vocals
Groovin' With Groove
LRC Ltd. CDC 9084
released 1994
recorded 1978-79, compilation
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ, keyboards
Eddie Daniels, flute, tenor sax
band c/by Manny Albam
Legends Of Acid Jazz
Prestige PRCD 24187-2
compilation
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
no further details known
Troubadours Of Groove
Pickwick / Simitar Distribution 1131
compilation
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Jimmy McGriff, organ
Junior Parker, vocals, harmonica
Horace Ott, piano
Everett Barksdale, guitar
Wynne Bennett, guitar
Kliff Davis, tenor sax, flute
Johnny Board, baritone sax, flute
Murray Watson, trumpet
Lawrence Killian, percussion
Richard Evans, bass
Marion J. Booker, drums
Somethin' Special
Pacific CDP 7243 8 55452 2 1 (Reissue)
recorded March 1961/February 1962/April 1962
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Clifford Scott, alto sax, tenor sax
Les McCann, piano
Joe Pass, guitar
Ron Jefferson, drums
Gene Edwards, guitar
Leroy Henderson, drums
Ben Webster, tenor sax
Lawrence 'Tricky' Lofton, trombone
George Freeman, guitar
Groove's Groove
32 Jazz 32047
recorded between 1977 and 1988, compilation
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ, synthesizer
Houston Person, tenor sax
David Schnitter, tenor sax
Cecil Bridgewater, trumpet
Jimmy Ponder, guitar
Gerald "Eli" Smith, guitar
Gerald Smith, guitar
Henry Taylor, guitar
Bross Townsend, piano
Idris Muhammad, drums
Cecil Brooks III, drums
Greg Bandy, drums
Bobby Ward, drums
Buddy Caldwell, percussion, congas
Ralph Dorsey, percussion, congas
Jimmy Witherspoon, vocals
Spicy - Legends Of Acid Jazz
Prestige PRCD 24222-2
compilation
tracks 1 to 5: originally released as Living Soul (Prestige 7468)
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
George Randall, drums

tracks 6 to 13: originally released as Spicy (Prestige 7493)
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
Joe Jones, guitar
George Randall, drums
Richard Landrum, congas
Timeless
Savoy Jazz SVY 17213
recorded December 1980 and February 1988 in Englewood Cliffs, NJ/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Ralph Dorsey, congas, percussion
Bobby Ward, drums
Cecil Brooks III, drums
Gerald Smith, guitar
Jimmy Ponder, guitar
Houston Person, tenor sax
Cecil Bridgewater, trumpet
On Basie's Bandstand
Prestige Records PR 11028
recorded April 1966 live at Count Basie's Clubin New York City/USA
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Gene Edwards, guitar
George Randall, drums
A Bowl Of Soul
Groove Hut Records GH 66707
recorded July 1964 in Los Angeles
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
big band c/ Onzy Matthews
no further details known
The Place To Start
P-Vine Records PCD 93740
originally released 1986
recorded live 1986
Billy Wooten, vibraphone
Richard 'Groove' Holmes, organ
Jimmy Coe, tenor sax
Jozelle Carter, drums

 
Sound Samples
MP3 n/a
Video n/a

 
YouTube videos
For more videos search YouTube

 
 

Back
 
If you don't see the left hand menu,
please go back to the homepage.

Back to the homepage